When numerous lower courts ruled in favor of marriage equality after June 2013, they cited Windsor's case as precedent.
Over four decades after uprisings at Stonewall Inn, Compton's Cafeteria and Cooper's Donuts started the modern LGBTQ rights movement, Windsor became a major advocate for marriage equality.
"America's long journey towards equality has been guided by countless small acts of persistence, and fueled by the stubborn willingness of quiet heroes to speak out for what's right", he said.
In a statement, former President Barack Obama said he spoke with Windsor a few days ago and told her again how important her work had been to the country. The impetus was the 2009 death of her spouse, Thea Spyer, a psychologist.
When she served as the grand marshal of the Long Island Pride Parade in 2014, she was the first to have security walk along side her convertible because so many people wanted to rush up and thank her, organizers said.
Like Windsor said, "Don't postpone joy".
Not only does a much larger portion of the "straight" world see us differently - as just people who live and love and play with their kids - but also our own community has come out and seen each other, and loved each other, in a way that makes me courageous and proud and joyous every day.
"Edie Windsor showed the world that love can be a powerful force for change". "Whehter you knew her really well or you just knew her from meeting her a couple of times, you felt like she was a great friend to you".
Former President Bill Clinton, who had signed DOMA into law, also tweeted about Windsor's death. The harpsichord in her apartment held awards attesting to her advocacy from the likes of the American Civil Liberties Union and National Organization for Women. Though their marriage was recognized in NY state, the 1996 DOMA proscribed a federal definition of marriage that excluded same-sex couples.
She had sued the USA government after being ordered to pay $363,053 (£224,940) in federal estate tax after her previous wife, Thea Spyer, died.
Before the Supreme Court struck it down, DOMA restricted the federal government from conferring marriage benefits to same-sex spouses. After her wife's passing, Windsor was left with over $350,000 in estate taxes after inheriting Spyer's estate.
Windsor was born Edith Schlain in Philadelphia in 1929 to Russian Jewish immigrants.
"Married is a magic word", Ms. Windsor told a rally outside City Hall in NY a few days before her wife died.
Windsor later married Windsor after attaining a bachelors degree from Temple in 1950 but divorced after less than a year. "He married the right girl and had a lovely life". Spyer was a psychologist with a large NY practice.
She met Spyer, her long-time partner, some years later. In 1967 on a drive to the country, Thea asked Edie what she would do if she got an engagement ring.
Spyer was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1977. Windsor's wife, Judith Kasen-Windsor, confirmed the news. They married in Canada in 2007.
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