Ghana was ranked 81 out of 180 countries in the 2017 CPI released on Wednesday by Transparency International, scoring 40 as against last year's score of 43 and dropping 11 places in the process. In the 2016 report from Transparency International, Nicaragua occupied 145 place out of 176 countries.
Pakistan's score is 32 in 2017, which shows that not a lot has changed from the previous year when the score was 32.
It is a country's score which most accurately indicates its level of public sector corruption, while rank only indicates a country's position relative to other countries in the index.
According to the index, not many countries have been successful in their efforts of curbing terrorism despite numerous efforts in the last six years or so.
The report also terms India as one of the "worst offenders" in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of corruption and press freedom.
In the Asia Pacific region, more than half the countries have a score of 50 or below.
The list was released by Transparency International.
The score ranges from 0 to 100, where 0 equals the highest level of perceived corruption, while 100 equals lowest level of perceived corruption.
"Flawed legislation, inappropriate influence from inside or outside the system, the closed nature of the system, the lack of accountability and inefficient management in the judiciary pose a direct threat to the independence of judges and significantly increase corruption risks", TI Georgia also said. Three stand-outs were the United Kingdom (now equal 8th), Latvia (now 40th) and the Czech Republic (now 57th), which are now among the 30 percent of countries in the world that score better than 5/10.
According to Mr. Rawlings, Mr. Amidu's appointment would help "restore integrity back into governance; that we can't get into government with impunity to steal and corrupt institutions and go with it". "These countries score high for corruption and have fewer press freedoms and higher number of journalist deaths", it added.
TI Malaysia president Datuk Akhbar Satar said factors contributing to the lower score a year ago included issues surrounding 1Malaysia Development Bhd, SRC International Sdn Bhd, Felda Global Ventures Holdings Bhd and Sabah Water scandals, and the conviction of opposition parliamentarian Mohd Rafizi Ramli for whistle-blowing.
Since 2012, several countries have significantly improved their index score, including Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal and the United Kingdom, while several countries decline, including Syria, Yemen and Australia.
Transparency International says, our first-hand experience working in more than 100 countries around the world shows that activists and media are vital to combatting corruption.
It has called on the community of nations to encourage free speech, independent media, and political dissent for promoting an engaged and open civil society.
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