The volcanic eruption on Hawaii is now making an acidic fog

Tuesday, 22 May, 2018

On Sunday, a man suffered a leg injury after he was hit by lava spatter while on his home's balcony during the Kilauea's explosive eruption.

When the lava hits the water it results in a gas mixture made up of hydrochloric acid gas (HCl), steam and tiny volcanic glass particles. Below, the latest photos from Kilauea.

Authorities in Hawaii have warned of unsafe "laze" fumes as molten lava from the erupting Kilauea volcano reached the Pacific Ocean.

The U.S. Coast Guard is warning boat operators to stay away from the ocean entry point for lava flows from Kilauea, the volcano on Hawaii's Big Island that is now in a high-activity phase.

"Health hazards of laze include lung damage, and eye and skin irritation", the Hawaii County Civil Defense Agency said. The volcanic activity, which has been going on for more than two weeks, has burned around 40 structures, including two dozen homes.

Once formed, the effects of the laze plume are literally blowing in the wind.

Lava flows downhill, in this image from a helicopter overflight of Kilauea Volcano's lower East Rift zone, during ongoing eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, U.S., May 19, 2018.

So far lava from the volcano has destroyed over 40 homes and buildings, and geologists are anxious that magma - lava that hasn't yet reached the surface - running underground could reach areas up to 40 kilometers (25 miles) east of the volcano itself, causing further destruction.

The Coast Guard has implemented a marine safety zone around the lava ocean entry points.

Two thousand people have been ordered from their homes due to lava flows and toxic sulfur dioxide gas, levels of which have tripled in the last two days, according to the County of Hawaii Civil Defense. As of Sunday, the area stretched for about 1 kilometer.

Resident Ikaika Marzo said the lava flow isn't just treacherous.

No major injuries have been reported from lava haze.

After two weeks of eruptions, Hawaii's Kilauea volcano became more risky over the weekend.

Scientists say it's still not known when Kilauea will run its course and life on the island, can return to normal.

The eruption has entered a more violent phase, in which large volumes of rich, orange molten rock, hotter and faster than older magma, are streaming out of fissures in the ground that have erupted around a small area of rural communities. The volcano has opened more than 20 vents, including four that have merged into one large crack.

A deadly cloud of acid mixed with shards of glass has risen off the south coast of Big Island in Hawaii - the latest hazard posed by a volcanic eruption that began this month.