They aim to establish rules, figure out financing and build ways to verify that nations are meeting their commitments.
As state leaders, diplomats and scientists meet at the United Nations climate conference in Poland, natural historian Sir David Attenborough has spoken from the "people's chair" of the need for urgent and concrete action to mitigate global warming.
The two-week conference assembled representatives from more than 200 nations to discuss the progress-or lack thereof-on pledges made as part of the 2015 Paris climate deal.
"The continuation of our civilisations and the natural world upon which we depend, is in your hands", he said.
"In short, we need a complete transformation of our global energy economy", said Antonio Guterres.
The internationally renowned naturalist Sir David Attenborough says that climate change is the greatest threat to the world in thousands of years.
Political leaders on Monday began arriving in the Polish coal city of Katowice where two weeks of talks have begun to revive the landmark Paris 2015 deal on climate change as dire warnings mount about a lack of action.
Such cuts, which experts say is the only way to achieve the 1.5-degree goal, would require a radical overhaul of the global economy and a move away from using fossil fuels.
Climate Change Is The 'Most Important Issue We Face — UN Chief
After a string of damning environmental reports showing mankind must drastically slash its greenhouse gas emissions to avert runaway global warming, Guterres told delegates "we are still not doing enough, nor moving fast enough".
"Developed nations led by the USA will want to ignore their historic responsibilities and will say the world has changed", said Meena Ramam, from the Third World Network advocacy group.
Waskow, who has followed climate talks for years, said despite the Trump Administration's refusal to back this global effort the momentum is going in the right direction.
Attenborough's address drew on messages from people all over the world, conveying a sense of frustration over apparent global inertia toward the looming disaster of climate change.
Mr Guterres warned negotiators at the meeting that the world was "in deep trouble" with climate change.
However, US President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris accord has dented trust among vulnerable nations, who fear there is not enough cash available to help them adapt to our heating planet. But many other countries are already dealing with the droughts, higher seas and catastrophic storms climate change is exacerbating. In the spirit of the Talanoa Dialogue - the Fijian tradition of inclusive, participatory and transparent decision-making - ICC urges Parties to include business in developing climate change policy, to accelerate and encourage private sector innovation in game-changing technologies through appropriate fiscal policies and de-risking flows of private capital into climate change adaptation and mitigation investment opportunities.
Climate change has become a pressing issue following the release of a damning report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) earlier this year.
"Almost one billion people will be counting on the LDC Group to deliver in Katowice, to ensure the protection of their lives and their livelihoods now and in the future."Regarding the just-ended G20 Summit that took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, (30 Nov - 1 Dec), Mr. Endalew said: "Responsible for the majority of global greenhouse gas emissions, the G20 countries must take the lead in the global response to climate change".
He insisted on the need to operationalise the Paris Agreement, and reminded Member States that 2018 is the deadline that they set for themselves to finalise the guidelines for implementation.
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