Her arrest early last month has prompted unrest between Ottawa and Beijing.
Huawei is accused of stealing robot technology from T-Mobile for building smartphones.
Rather than being the work of one or two rogue actors, Whitaker said the alleged conduct bore the hallmarks of "corporate-sponsored behaviour" that was directed as company policy.
Acting U.S. attorney general Matthew Whitaker said Monday that a grand jury in NY had recommended the charges.
"As you can tell from the number of and magnitude of charges, Huawei and its senior executives repeatedly refused to respect the laws of the United States and the standard global business practices".
"To the detriment of American ingenuity, Huawei continually disregarded the laws of the United States in the hopes of gaining an unfair economic advantage".
She was arrested on December 1 in Canada.
The charges are expected to be announced by acting Attorney General Matthew Whitaker at a press conference Monday afternoon.
Meanwhile, a grand jury in NY has also returned an indictment alleging 13 crimes committed by Huawei, its CFO, an affiliate in Iran and one of its subsidiaries in the US.
A hearing is set for February 6.
However, he added, "As I told Chinese officials in August, China must hold its citizens and Chinese companies accountable for complying with the law".
The arrest of Ms Meng, who is the daughter of Huawei's founder, Ren Zhengfei, ratcheted up tensions with China, which responded by arresting two Canadians on national security grounds.
Wray said firms like Huawei "pose a dual threat to both our economic and national security, and the magnitude of these charges make clear just how seriously the Federal Bureau of Investigation takes this threat".
This comes as the US seeks to extradite Wanzhou, who was placed under house arrest in Vancouver. Many Huawei officials are beyond the Justice Department's grasp in China.
Meng's arrest has touched off an ongoing diplomatic furor that resulted Sunday in the firing of John McCallum as Canada's ambassador to China after he publicly expressed confidence in her ability to fight extradition to the United States.
A B.C. court will determine whether she will be extradited.
"Those two things are not linked; they're a totally separate process", Sanders said. Meng has said that she is innocent.
Meng, Huawei's CFO, is charged with bank fraud, wire fraud and conspiracies to commit bank and wire fraud.
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