The Connecticut Department of Public Health announced today that it has confirmed a case of measles in a New Haven County adult, the first confirmed case this year in the state. All school-age children, university students and those traveling out of the country and born on or after January 1, 1970 should have received two doses of measles-containing vaccine, as should health-care workers born on or after January 1, 1957. Clark County Public Health Officer Alan Melnick told the paper that if vaccination rates don't go up in the area, the state could be seeing more incidents like this one moving forward.
In 1978, the CDC set a goal to eliminate measles from the United States by 1982.
Protection against measles can be substantially increased through vaccination. First, a well-publicized measles outbreak linked to Disneyland in California had just sickened 147 people nationwide.
"While most people who catch measles will recover completely within a couple of weeks, it's important to remember measles can be a very serious illness that can leave permanent disability, and occasionally even kill". Officials have also identified four suspected cases.
There is no scientific link between vaccines and autism, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Before the vaccine was introduced in 1963 measles was the single leading killer of children in the world.
Most Connecticut residents have been vaccinated.
"The message that we give to people is, please immunize your children". According to the 2016-2017 Statewide School Immunization Survey, 97% of CT students were vaccinated with 2 doses of MMR by kindergarten entry. According to KATU News in Portland, 31 of the 35 infected people were unvaccinated and the other four are not verified to have received the vaccine.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, the CDC and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend that children get the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine at 12 to 15 months old and again at 4 to 6 years old.
MMR vaccine refusal, however, has been on the rise over the last decade.
Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus.
Forbing-Orr says as cases of measles become increasingly rare with vaccination, many doctors have never seen a case in-person. However, despite the national rate of vaccination, there are geographical clusters of unvaccinated people.
The BCCDC advises people to make sure that their measles vaccination is up to date, especially if they're considering travelling.
Children under age 5 have the highest probability of death from measles.
Symptoms of measles generally begin 7-21 days (typically 14-16 days) after a person is exposed to an infected person.
Measles usually manifests as a combination of high fever, as high as 105 degrees Fahrenheit, along with what is known as the three Cs: cough, coryza (another word for runny nose), and conjunctivitis or pink eye, Sammons explained. As the rash spreads, a person can also experience a spike in temperature, according to the Mayo Clinic.
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