He said the SAR administration could have, and should have done substantially more about the issue, such as hiring United States lawyers or think-tank members who know their way around in Washington's political circles to lobby Congress members against the bill.
Amid older demonstrators, admiration for the seemingly tireless zeal of young protesters is also tinged with regret that they weren't as vocal when their futures were being negotiated.
Distributing funeral bank notes to marchers, black-clad protester Julie Milde said she was "mourning for our Hong Kong".
Scuffles broke out near the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre between League of Social Democrat activists and a group of people criticising their slogans.
Asked if a smaller protest crowd today would be indication of a waning anti-government movement, Associate Professor Alfred Wu of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy said it could mean "people are afraid of arrests and the repressive behaviour" of the authorities.
China considers democratic Taiwan a breakaway province to be taken under its control, by force if necessary, and has suggested an arrangement similar to Hong Kong's "one country, two systems" formula guaranteeing certain freedoms.
More than 1,750 people have been arrested so far in connection with the unrest in the city.
Associated Press writer Kelvin Chan in London contributed.
The former British colony has been wracked by almost four months of often violent anti-government protests, posing the gravest popular challenge to Xi since he came to power in 2012. "When dictatorship is a fact, revolution becomes a duty", one protester said, reading from a statement.
Local police fired tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons in multiple locations in Hong Kong on Sunday in a bid to disperse protesters hurling bricks and petrol bombs, AFP reported.
Many protesters are planning to go out on the street again Tuesday, wearing black as posters call for October 1 to be marked as "A Day of Grief".
The longtime British possession was retroceded to China in 1997 after 156 years of colonial rule, but its 7.2 million inhabitants remain culturally and linguistically distinct from mainland Chinese-differences that are sharply underscored on National Day. She will return on Tuesday night.
Celebration has been muted in Hong Kong, with the government cancelling an annual firework display and moving a reception indoors.
And tomorrow is a deeply symbolic day for China's ruling Communist party as it marks exactly 70 years since it seized power. Many demonstrators also wore yellow helmets, goggles, and even gas masks, mimicking the protective gear used by demonstrators in Hong Kong. The financial hub has been rocked by pro-democracy rallies for nearly four months.
Protester Pan Hou-hsun, who said he was in his forties, portrayed Taiwan and Hong Kong's fates as linked because both places worry about the growing assertiveness of China.
A month on, seven Asian and Western envoys have told Reuters they are certain the late-August deployment was not a rotation at all, but a reinforcement.
Some 15,000 troops along with tanks, new nuclear missiles and a supersonic drone paraded down the Avenue of Eternal Peace as Xi and other Communist Party leaders watched from a rostrum overlooking Beijing's Tiananmen Square.
Referring to Taiwan, Xi said, "The complete reunification of the motherland is an inevitable trend.no one and no force can ever stop it".
People's Liberation Army (PLA) troops conduct riot drills at the PLA's base in Tam Mei camp in Hong Kong on Saturday. Some of these included the members of the pro-government paramilitary group the People's Armed Police.
Growing up in what she remembers as golden years for Hong Kong, Chao said she came to believe that the regime her father fled had changed and "the communists, communist China, are not the same anymore".
The office of Carrie Lam had no comment.
Speaking highly of the awardees' contributions to China, Li said that over the past 70 years, some foreign experts made significant efforts to help China overcome early difficulties, while some introduced advanced technologies, experience and management concepts to China since the beginning of the country's reform and opening-up.
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