He explained his "No" vote on the bill on Twitter on Tuesday, saying that "When our government meddles in the internal affairs of foreign countries, it invites those governments to meddle in our affairs".
In a statement on Wednesday, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said the bill was "arrogantly discrediting China's efforts to combat terrorism", The Guardian reported.
China reacted angrily to President Donald Trump's approval of legislation supporting Hong Kong protesters last month, but movement on another congressional bill, backing Uighur Muslims in China's northwest, has cut even closer to the bone and could trigger reprisals and hurt efforts to resolve the U.S.
China warned earlier on Wednesday that the USA legislation will affect bilateral cooperation, clouding prospects for a near-term deal to end a trade war.
Xinjiang is China's main battleground in fighting terrorism and extremism, officials said.
This is an attempt to "raise a new generation cut off from original roots, religious beliefs and their own language", Dr Adrian Zenz, a German researcher, told BBC News earlier this year. Hua answered. "I think any wrong words and deeds must pay the due price".
Ms. Hua declined to elaborate on the retaliation except to say it would affect bilateral cooperation, but a Tuesday tweet by Hu Xijin, editor of state-run tabloid the Global Times, said visa restrictions on certain US officials and a ban on entry into Xinjiang by holders of USA diplomatic passport holders were being considered.
But Beijing has warned against the latest anti-China attack by the USA as another attempt to interfere in the country's domestic affairs.
Hua said the Chinese government and people are determined to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests.
An assessment of the number of individuals 22 detained in political "reeducation camps" and conditions in the camps for detainees in the Xinjiang region, including whether detainees endure torture, 25 forced renunciation of faith, or other mistreatment.
In addition to the sanctions, which could cause Chinese officials to freeze assets overseas, the legislation requires the closure of internment camps and would also impose export restrictions on any United States technology used to track and monitor people as part of repression.
Another U.S. tariff hike on an additional $160 billion of Chinese imports is due to take effect December 15. However, China's customs authorities began letting importers use a letter of guarantee from banks instead of cash to pay the deposit, allowing the beans to flow again, according to the people.
It calls for "targeted sanctions" on members of the Chinese government - and names the Communist Party secretary in the Xinjiang autonomous region, Chen Quanguo.
It also called on the worldwide community to fully recognize the hypocrisy of the United States on the human rights issue and enhance their understanding of the real situation in China.
"With this legislation, Congress is taking the necessary and long-overdue steps to hold accountable officials in the Chinese government and Communist Party responsible for gross violations of human rights and possible crimes against humanity", he said.
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