This week, we announced the Artemis Accords - establishing a shared vision and set of principles for all worldwide partners that join in humanity's return to the Moon.
Approximately 105 countries are included in the treaty and 26 others have signed it but have yet to complete ratification. However, this was quite vague with loose guidelines and now, NASA aims to provide a little more structure for future Moon exploration.
Moon exploration will have a couple of new norms to follow henceforth.
Gold gave a positive answer to Russian media during an interview on whether the U.S. viewed Russia as its partner in Moon exploration, and whether Moscow could count on signing an agreement with Washington within the framework of the Artemis Accords if it wanted so.
"What we're doing is we are implementing the Outer Space Treaty with the Artemis Accords", NASA manager Jim Bridenstine informed Reuters, describing a 1967 worldwide pact that stresses that room ought to be utilized for relaxed instead of army usages. They also need to use worldwide open standards and develop new standards if that is necessary. The Artemis Accords reaffirm Nasa's and partner nations' commitments to the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space.
Now, we have private companies that became a significant part of space projects, and we've witnessed the rise of some worldwide space agencies.
The Artemis Accords show the importance of the old rules and conventions and also comes with new ones.
Open access scientific data and registering space objects helps the hobby space community keep an eye on things, and sometimes they can find things that even NASA can't. There are already many nations that take part in agreements and treaties, but the process of space exploration is much more than that.
Together with the European Space Agency and other partners, NASA plans to land the first woman and the next man on the Moon in 2024 as part of the Artemis program.
The Accords also seek to establish so-called safety zones that would surround future moon bases and prevent "harmful interference" from rival countries or companies operating in close proximity.
Reuters reported that NASA hoped that other countries would agree to the terms, which set out how humanity will act on the Moon, including how to mine resources from the lunar surface and ways to protect the heritage Apollo sites. It added that the partners are expected to be transparent in their policies and have to completely use open worldwide standards and plan the orbital mitigation debris.
Inform partner nations regarding "safety zones" and coordinate according to Outer Space Treaty Article IX.
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