But the agreement, known as the JCPOA, is still supported by the five other parties France, Britain, Russia and China, which are all veto-wielding Security Council members, and Germany, which is now serving a two-year term on the council.
The Iranian buildup "comes as the United States has rebuilt its military presence in the Middle East to counter emerging threats to American interests, including attacks on oil tankers and facilities that intelligence officials have blamed on Iran", reports The Times.
The denial came after The Wall Street Journal reported that the possible deployment would include "dozens" more ships and double the number of troops added to the U.S. forces in the region since the beginning of this year.
The missiles also pose a threat to USA allies in the region including Saudi Arabia and Israel, officials told the.
He said that in China's view it would be better to resolve the issues with Iran directly through JCPOA talks.
The EU nations warned heavily about Iran's use of deliberate but reversible violations to try to trigger the talks, with Iran pushing for those nations to ensure that Iran gets the sanction relief it was promised under the deal, and which the United States has subsequently blocked. At the time, then-U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley said US intelligence experts had concluded "unequivocally" that the weapons came from Iran.
Rood said that in the aftermath of Iranian attacks over the summer - attacks which targeted commercial ships, a Saudi oil facility and a USA drone - the US moved about 14,000 additional USA troops into the Middle East and "stepped up messaging" to Iran in order to discourage further attacks.
Short-range missiles have a range of just over 600 miles, meaning that one fired from the outskirts of Baghdad could strike Jerusalem, notes the Times.
Iran has breached a number of commitments under the deal in recent months in response to US President Donald Trump's decision a year ago to abandon the deal and reinstate economic sanctions.
The deal, negotiated between Tehran and world powers under the previous administration of Barack Obama, was created to see Iran curb its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of powerful sanctions.
A senior Pentagon official said Wednesday there are signs that Iran may be able to conduct aggressive actions in the future.
The U.S. military seized a "cache of weapons and advanced missile components" believed to be of Iranian origin in the northern Arabian Sea, the Pentagon said on Wednesday.
The same day that the news broke, a letter was released from the French, German, and British ambassadors to the United Nations alleging that Iran now has nuclear-capable missiles.
Iran has insisted that its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful and denied that its ballistic missile programme violates the resolution. The weapons are still on board the USA ship.
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